ΓΗ ελιάς Ζαριφόπουλος | ORGANIC FARMING
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Organic farming

Organic farming is an environmentally friendly way of agriculture, which teaches the farmer to maintain the ecosystem, support the balance of nature and ensure the normal natural processes.

 

Organic farming’s primary value is cultivation that is gentle and environmentally-friendly, implemented without the application of chemicals and complex fertilizers and pesticides. It is a production system based on biological and natural forms of treatment of crop pests and diseases.

 

Necessary tasks for the maintenance of the olive trees are carried out during the whole year without the use of harmful chemicals or plant fertilizers. We make sure that olive trees stay in good conditions until harvest. Our olive oil is an integral component of the modern human diet.

Fertilization

To ensure the long-term nutritional requirements of olive cultivation, our main strategy is to supply our olive groves with organic fertilizers in order to achieve the best possible productivity while improving quality. We use fertilization based on maintaining and revitalizing the soil of our olive grove, with legumes and organic material are constantly come to light.

 

The critical period, in which trees should be fertilized, starts from the beginning of March until June and sparsely in September, when the flower bud differentiation and fruit take place. Legumes and other organic elements affect directly both the germination and fruiting of olive trees.

Pest, weed and disease control

A basic rule in organic farming is that the handling of pests and diseases should start from the farming practices in pruning, fertilization and irrigation. For example, correct trimming stimulates proper ventilation and lighting and prevents fungus, while irrigation maintains and controls soil moisture.

 

The main enemies of olive trees are the olive fruit fly (Dacus oleae), the olive moth (Prays oleae) and the olive fruit curculio (Rhynchites cribripennis). With the method of mass trapping,the fruit flies and the other insects are eliminated. If necessary, organic preparation spraying is applied in the right season.

Weed management (Weed control)

In Organic Farming, farmers can control this problem only by mechanical means, green fertilization and mowing.

 

One solution is the destruction of legumes and non-useful grasses mainly with organic weed killers and secondarily by surface milling to minimize damage to the olive roots.

Irrigation

Irrigation is one of the main cultivation tasks in our olive grove and is divided in two main periods. Rainfalls and supplemental irrigation are beneficial to olive trees.

Pruning

The olive, like most trees that produce fruits, is pruned almost every year. The pruning of the olive trees is divided into two main types: formative pruning and pruning for fruiting. Pruning can be conducted during or after the fruit harvest. By formative pruning, young trees (1-5 years old) are trimmed in such a way as to obtain the desired size and shape in the best possible time.

 

The aim of pruning for fruiting (performed on large trees that are older than 5 years old) is to ensure normal fruit production and adequate vegetative growth every year, by encouraging annual germination, since olive trees produce fruits on the previous year’s productive branches. With this pruning we make sure that the size of each olive tree remains at the desired level. This, in turn, ensures air circulation inside the canopy, improves light penetration and facilitates future olive harvest.